July 18, 2005: President Bush and Prime Minister Singh announce for the first time in Washington their intention to conclude a nuclear agreement. (a) India has signed nuclear cooperation agreements with France, the United States, Russia, Namibia, Canada, Argentina, Kazakhstan, the Republic of Korea, the Czech Republic, Australia, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom. In addition, a Memorandum of Understanding on Civil Nuclear Cooperation has been signed with Mongolia. In December 2015, India and Japan exchanged a memorandum in which the two sides confirmed that they had agreed on a cooperation agreement on the peaceful use of nuclear energy. (b) On 6 September 2008, the Nuclear Energy Suppliers Group (NSG) adopted a decision in principle [INFCIRC/734 (corrected)] that enabled civil nuclear cooperation between its members and India. c) Membership of the NSG would base our existing civil nuclear cooperation with foreign partners on a predictable basis and facilitate increased investment, industrial connection and access to the technologies needed to accelerate the expansion of nuclear capability in India. It would also enable India to realize its intention to source 40% of its energy capacity from non-fossil sources by 2030. This is the first initiative under the India-Russia agreement, in which the two countries decided to implement a nuclear energy project in a third country. This project also marked considerable progress on accountability issues, which had previously increased, as in the agreement between India and the United States. Rosatom developed this turnkey project to make the contractor responsible for the installation`s problems. In order to support the importance of safe use of nuclear energy, this project was developed to “post Fukushima safety standards”.  Growing concerns about nuclear safety have diverted industrialized countries from their long-standing dependence on nuclear energy.
However, for developing countries such as India, the choice between one energy source and another is not so easy, given the growing demand for energy and the persistent challenges for development. Priority should therefore be given to the development of safe mechanisms for the use of nuclear energy.  On 11 March 2011, in Fukushima, Japan, power and cooling of three Fukushima Daiichi reactors were halted following an earthquake and a major tsunami. The nuclear accident resulted in 3 nuclear meltdowns, 3 hydrogen explosions and radioactive contamination releases. The release of radiation forced the government to make about 154,000 people.