Trentino Agreement

October 12, 2021

The South Tyrol option agreement (in German: option in South Tyrol; Italian: Opzioni in South Tyrol) was an agreement in force between 1939 and 1943, when the German-speaking natives of South Tyrol and three municipalities in the province of Belluno had the opportunity to emigrate either to neighboring Nazi Germany (of which Austria was a part after the annexation of 1938) or to remain in Fascist Italy and be forcibly incorporated into traditional Italian culture. Loss of their language and cultural heritage. More than 80% have decided to move to Germany. At the end of the First World War, with the Treaty of Saint Germain, Tyrol, as it was historically called, was again divided and Trentino was incorporated with South Tyrol into the Italian state. . . .